ORG Volume 5, page 2483 records the first publication of this item (No. 206) in the Illustrated London News Christmas Number, 1890 illustrated by A Forestier. It is collected in the Edition de Luxe (1900) , and Volume 5 of the Sussex Edition (1938). Background
See “Three - and an Extra Plain Tales from the Hills page 9, line 20, and for an Essay on Mrs. Hauksbee, ORG Voume 1, page 5. It is reprinted in KJ131/05 with editorial matter. Also Mrs. Hauksbee & Co, ed. John Whitehead (Hearthstone Publications, 1998.) See also KJ 134/20, 135/06, and 136/06.
This is one of Kipling’s stories in dialogue form, which was probably not intended for the stage as it stands, as there are too many changes of scene, although, like The Light that Failed, it could be adapted. See Charles Allen, Kipling Sahib, p. 75 passim for the origins and background of “Mrs. Hauksbee” and Carrington, p. 92. The Kiplings were on good terms with Dufferin whose son and heir Lord Clandeboye paid attention to their daughter Trix. See Carrington, page 64 and Allen p. 175.
Title to sit out in this context signifies a couple sitting in the ballroom instead of dancing - occasionally in a discreet corner arranged for the purpose. See the verse “Pink Dominoes”
His Excellency probably based on Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (1826 – 1902) Viceroy of India 1884-1888 who was on friendly terms with Kipling and his parents (Angus Wilson p. 36)
Charles Hilton Hawley (also known as the Hawley Boy) appears in "The Education of Otis Yeere" and "A Second-Rate Woman" (Wee Willie Winkie) and "The Last of the Stories" (Abaft the Funnel).
lieutenant at large. Implies he is on leave and determined to amuse himself.
Mrs Hauksbee This sparkling lady, a highly influential figure in Simla society and in the wider world of affairs, is the main character in eight of Kipling's stories:
She was almost certainly based on Mrs Isabella Burton (the wife of Major F C Burton) who was a friend of the young Kipling, and acted with him in various theatricals. Andrew Lycett describes her (p. 182) as :
... a petite woman with a darting original intelligence. A warm Irtish smile lit up her rounded face, with its full lips, largish nose, and flashing violet eyes.As Andrew Lycett explains (p. 183), she was an important source for Rudyard's stories of life in Simla. And Angus Wilson (p. 88) clearly approves of 'Mrs Hauksbee':
...her civilising compassionate mission, to repair broken marriages, and decure posts for gifted men instead of favourite nephews of big pots who might have git them, to prise young innocents out of the hands of deathly, predatory women, and to ward off snobbish or mercenary relatives from interferihng with the true love of their young ...In "Mrs Hauksbee Sits Out" we see her on the top of her form.
the imperial city of Simla the author exaggerates but there is a certain amount of truth in what he says. The town sprawled over several peaks in the foothills of the Himalayas, and was the headquarters of the Government of India during the hot weather, with a very active social life.
See also Gilmour,The Ruling Caste, Chapter 10, Marghanita Laski (p. 26), and British Life in India, ed. R.V Vernede, (OUP, 1995.) p. 68.
cachemire (the spelling varies) a province in the Western Himalays. Now divided between India, Pakistan and China, products include a famous cloth woven from the wool of goats.
Khokand (alternative spellings: Khokand, Khokend, etc.) a city in Fergana Province in Eastern Uzbekistan, at the South-Western edge of the Fergana Valley.
terai a double felt hat
puggree from Hindi pagri, a turban but in this context a light scarf or veil wrapped round a hat or helmet.
Nevermore an echo of “The Raven” (XVII) by Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849.)
Fair Eve knelt close to the guarded gate from “The Eden Rose” by Susan K. Phillips, American poet born in 1870.
Where the four great rivers meet 'And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison ….. . And the name of the second river is Gihon ... the name of the third river is Hiddekel: the fourth river is Euphrates'. (Genesis 2,10-14).
arpeggio chords the notes are played consecutively instead of together.
Volunteer ball a non-regular regiment of part-time soldiers, similar to today’s Territorial Army; a ball, in this context, is a dance on a large scale – perhaps to raise funds or just for entertainment. There was a 2nd Punjab Volunteer Corps which was also known as the Simla Volunteer Rifle Corps. Kipling belonged to the 1st Punjab Volunteers in Lahore but never attended a parade and was asked to resign (Angus Wilson, p. 106)
half-caste a person of mixed race - in this case British and Indian.
chaperon a married lady who supervises a young girl on social occasions.
Turning down lamp see the back cover of Mrs. Hawksbee and Co. for two lamps of the type probably in use..
Dandy also the name of a pony in “The Brushwood Boy” (The Day’s Work.)
I’ve ridden ten miles to a dance See “William the Conqueror" Part I (The Day’s Work, page 187, line 11.)
God gie us a guid conceit of ourselves Possibly an echo of the lines by Robert Burns (1759-1796):
A set o' dull, conceited hashes.Mrs. Mallowe appears in several stories in this series.
Our King went forth to Normandie. See “Hal o’ the Draft” , (Puck of Pook’s Hill, page 246, line 9).
Deo Gratias (Latin) 'By the grace of God.
Deccan Irregular Horse The 9th Royal Deccan Horse was formed un 1790 as 'Asif Sah's Irregular Cavalry'. Two Regiments were raised for service under the Nizam of Hyderabad in Berar, who was allied with the East India Company. Known by various titles over the years the Regiment was awarded the prefix Royal for distinguished service in the 1914-18 War and, in the Second World War became part of the 255th Indian Tank Brigade.
Pines of the Cemetery Only included with this story. ORG records it as No. 485
Earth to earth returning an echo of The Order for the Burial of the Dead in The Book of Common Prayer: 'we therefore commit his body to the ground; earth to earth, ashes to ashes …'
for ever hold your peace an echo of The Form of Solemnization of Matrimony in The Book of Common Prayer: 'If any man can shew any just cause why they may not lawfully be joined together , let him now speak, or else hereafter hold his peace.'
hanged for a sheep as a lamb 'it mattered not which one stole in the days when the punishment was death.' (John Ray’, 1628-1705) The implication is that if one is going to commit a crime, one might as well commit a large one !
Dolly Bobs short for Dorothea Darbishoff, the name of a pony once owned by Kipling. (Something of Myself, page 58.)
programme At a ball, each lady would have a programme with the dances listed, and possible partners would ask to dance with her for a particular dance; if she accepted, the lady would note them on her programme. See “Three –and an Extra” (Plain Tales from the Hills page 12, line 22.)
Lacing bodice after a fashion see the back cover of Mrs. Hauksbee and Co., Tales of Simla Life (Hearthstone Publications) for an illustration.
Don’t shy to conclusions 'shy' in this context is the sudden jump of a startled house; a neat variant of the usual 'don’t jump to conclusions.'
the maid has forgotten her attire 'Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire ? Yet my people have forgotten me days without number.' Jeremiah 2,32.
Before me the Deluge Madame de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of Louis XV of France, is reported to have said: 'Après nous le déluge', 'After us, the deluge', a warning of impending disaster — but later.
backing and filling alternately filling a sail with wind. and spilling it, to keep a sailing vessel in more or less the same position – hesitating.
Windsor chair a stiff-looking but comfortable wooden chair (right), with a curved back, originally made in the late seventeenth century in the country near High Wycombe in Buckighamshire, but named after the nearby town of Windsor. .
Mothers in Israel '…thou seekest to destroy a city and a mother in Israel.' 2 Samuel, 20, 19.
polyandrous One wife having several husbands, like the Woman of Shamlegh in Kim.
Now the serpent was more subtil 'Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field/' Genesis 3,1. See also "The Enemies to Each Other" (Debits and Credits, page 6, line 6).
feet of the young men see Kipling’s poem “The Feet of the Young Men” (The Five Nations).
Knighted on the field of battle it was once the custom for a king to knight an officer in the field for particularly good service.
Never look a gift tiger in the mouth a variation on the proverb: 'Never look a gift horse in the mouth'.
Si la jeunesse savait - Si la vieillesse pouvait The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations has: 'Si jeunesse savoit, si vieillesse pouvoit..' 'If youth knew, if age could.' [Henri Etienne (1531-1598)]
I thought was as the Gods 'ye shalt be as gods, knowing good and evil', Genesis 3,5.
God save our gracious Queen… Verse 1 of the National Anthem, played in honour of the Viceroy who represents Queen Victoria. See “The Edge of the Evening”, A Diversity of Creatures page 275 line 8.
[J H McG]
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