The first two stanzas were first published as a heading to chapter X of The Light that Failed (1891). Enlarged to the full eight stanzas and first collected in Songs from Books (1912) and in later collections, under the title above, with some variations in wording (see Pinney). ORG (No. 550 p. 5300) refers also to the use of "The Fight at Heriot's Ford" .
A version of the first eight lines is used as the epigraph to Chapter X of The Light that Failed (p. 167) with the title “The Fight of Heriot’s Ford”.
What’s yon that follows at my side? –The poem is a grim tale of retribution and impending death, with clear references to the artist Dick Heldar’s encroaching blindness described in chapter X of The Light that Failed: ' ...at that moment there unrolled itself from one corner of the studio a veil, as it were, of the filmiest gauze...' ; this harks back to 'the shadow' in line 4. And on p. 178 Dick tells his friend Torpenhow: 'So I went to an oculist. He said, “Scar on the head, - sword-cut and optic nerve.” So I am going blind' , which echoes line 8: 'The darkness gathers fast'.
The enlarged version is almost a short story in itself. There are two speakers. The first has been captured in the fight at Heriot’s Ford and is bound and tied onto his horse. He is always addressed mockingly as 'my lord'. His words are given in plain type. His captors are brothers, though only one speaks; his words are in italics. They accuse 'my lord' of murdering their sister and are taking him to a place of execution where they will kill him in revenge.
Four lines spoken by the brothers indicate the crime for which 'my lord' must die:
Verse 3 line 4] ‘Tis what our sister said.And four express my lord’s dread of dying without the opportunity to confess and receive absolution:
Verse 3 line 3] “I need an hour to repent!”“None to shrive” means with no priest to forgive his sins. A soul that died in a state of mortal sin would go to hell. See Shakespeare's Hamlet (Act I. scene v) where his father’s ghost laments that he was unaneled [without absolution]:
...sent to my account.
This poem, with its singing cadences, and echoes of the ancient savagery in the Middle Ages between rival chieftains on the borders between England and Scotland, is reminiscent of the old Border Ballads which sang of those times, and were well known to Kipling. Other examples are "Tarrant Moss", and "The Last Rhyme of TrueThomas".
Ann Weygandt (p. 120) points to the influence on Kipling of writers in the Pre-Raphaelite tradition, like Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Morris, also well-known to him, with their interest in the mediaeval past.
hirples walks lamely, hobbles
The shadow of your might “my lord” used to be a influential man; now he is a helpless captive.
The judgement follows fast “my lord” has been condemned and is on his way to execution.
King Joshua he is dead, my lord 'And Joshua said in the sight of Israel, Sun stand thou still upon Gibeon. And the sun stood still until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies.' Joshua 10, 12-13.
league an old measure of 3 miles.
“Next day – next day!” "my lord" realises that next day means nothing to him as he will be dead by then.
You had no mind to face our swords he did not put up much of a fight at Heriot’s Ford.
runnels forth pours out.
the flesh is weak 'The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.'; Matthew 26,41.
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